Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease subtypes exhibit distinctive cardiovascular risk profiles

Bizkaia, News

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a disease affecting approximately one-quarter of the world’s adult population, reflects dysfunctional hepatic lipid metabolism

An international team of researchers, led by José M Mato at CIC bioGUNE-BRTA, has discovered the existence of three subtypes of NAFLD with different lipidomic phenotypes and risk of cardiovascular disease

The study is published online in Hepatology and can be accessed via this link (

The research team -which included first authors Ibon Martínez-Arranz, Chiara Bruzzone and Mazen Noureddin, and investigators from OWL Metabolomics, CIC bioGUNE-BRTA, CIBEREHD, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Washington University School of Medicine, Biodonostia Research Institute, Charles University, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Saaland University, Medical University of Warsaw, Netherlands Organization of Applied Scientific Research, Alcalá University, Galmed Pharmaceuticals, University Hospital of Valladolid, University of Florida, and University of Newcastle- examined whether NAFLD could be subclassified in different subtypes according to their serum lipidomic signatures.

The researchers analyzed serum lipidomes from an international cohort of 1154 individuals with biopsy proven NAFLD. Metabolomic signatures identify three NAFLD subtypes (A, B, and C), independent of histological disease severity. NAFLD subtypes show distinct secretion rates of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), being lowest in subtype A. Moreover, these signatures align with known cardiovascular disease (CVD) and genetic risk factors with subtype A exhibiting a lower CVD risk profile. This may account for the variation in hepatic versus cardiovascular outcomes, offering novel, clinically relevant, risk stratification.

“In this publication we demonstrate that NAFDL arises through different alterations in hepatic lipid metabolism, which opens the door to the development of more personalized treatments”, said José Mato.

Additional authors include Cristina Alonso, Nicholas Davidson, Oscar Millet, Quentin Anstee, Shelly Lu, Marco Arrese, Kenneth Cusi, Javier Crespo, Jesus Banales, Manuel Romero, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Radan Bruha and Robert Kleemann.


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